Peter Schnall, MD, MPH
Clinical Professor of Medicine

office:




telephone:
fax:
e-mail:
University of California, Irvine
Center for Occupational & Environmental Health
100 Theory, Suite 100
Irvine, CA 92617

949-824-8641
949-824-2345
pschnall@workhealth.org

Education & Training: B.A., University of Pennsylvania
M.D., Stanford University
M.P.H., Columbia University

Research Interests:

Dr. Schnall directs the UCI COEH program in work organization and cardiovascular disease. He is a recognized expert on the role of occupational stress in causing hypertension and cardiovascular disease. His research includes designing and directing the Cornell University Work Site Ambulatory Blood Pressure Study, which demonstrated a significant association between psychosocial stress (i.e., job strain defined as jobs with high demands and low control) and ambulatory blood pressure and increased cardiac left ventricular mass. Recently, the study has documented a significant association between job strain and ambulatory blood pressure in a prospective cohort study of workingmen in multiple occupations.

In addition, Dr. Schnall is the Director of a non-profit foundation, the Center for Social Epidemiology, based in Santa Monica, California. One of the principal activities of the Center for Social Epidemiology is the website "The Job Stress Network", located at www.workhealth.org, which has recently developed a section on Occupational Cardiology.

Finally, Dr. Schnall and the Center for Social Epidemiology coordinate the California Work and Health Study Group. The CWHSG is a statewide network of researchers who have met nine times during the past three years to present and discuss research on workplace organization, job stress, and participatory research. Among the objectives of the CWHSG is for researchers to share their experiences and to identify new avenues of research to improve workplace organization in order to achieve a more healthful workplace.


Recent Publications:

Journal Articles

Choi B, Ko S, Dobson M, Schnall PL, Garcia-Rivas J, Israel L, Baker D. Short-term test-retest reliability of the Job Content Questionnaire and Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire items and scales among professional firefighters. Ergonomics. 2014 Jun;57(6):897-911.

Choi B, Schnall PL, Dobson M, Garcia-Rivas J, Kim H, Zaldivar F, Israel L, Baker D. Very long (> 48 hours) shifts and cardiovascular strain in firefighters: a theoretical framework. Ann Occup Environ Med. 2014 Mar 6;26(1):5.

Dobson M, Choi B, Schnall PL, Wigger E, Garcia-Rivas J, Israel L, Baker DB. Exploring occupational and health behavioral causes of firefighter obesity: a qualitative study. Am J Ind Med. 2013 Jul;56(7):776-90.

Landsbergis PA, Travis A, Schnall PL. Working conditions and masked hypertension. High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev. 2013 Jun;20(2):69-76.

Choi B, Schnall PL, Yang H, Dobson M, Landsbergis P, Israel L, Karasek R, Baker D. Sedentary work, low physical job demand, and obesity in US workers. Am J Ind Med. 2010 Nov;53(11):1088-101.

Choi B, Schnall PL, Yang H, Dobson M, Landsbergis P, Israel L, Karasek R, Baker D. Psychosocial working conditions and active leisure-time physical activity in middle-aged us workers. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2010;23(3):239-53.

Su TC, Lin LY, Baker D, Schnall PL, Chen MF, Hwang WC, Chen CF, Wang JD. Elevated blood pressure, decreased heart rate variability and incomplete blood pressure recovery after a 12-hour night shift work. J Occup Health. 2008;50(5):380-6.

Yang H, Schnall PL, Jauregui M, Su TC, Baker D. Work hours and self-reported hypertension among working people in California. Hypertension. 2006 Oct;48(4):744-50.

Schnall PL. Work and cardiovascular disease. Med Lav. 2006 Mar-Apr;97(2):278-9.

Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Schnall Pl, Baker D. Is job strain a major source of cardiovascular disease risk? A critical review of the empirical evidence, with a clinical perspective. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health 2004;30(2):85-128.

Landsbergis PA, Schnall PL, Pickering TG, Warren K, Schwartz JE. Lower socioeconomic status among men in relation to the association between job strain and blood pressure. Scand J Work Environ Health 2003;29(3):206-215.

Landsbergis PA, Schnall PL, Pickering TG, Warren K, Schwartz JE. Life course exposure to job strain and ambulatory blood pressure among men. Am J Epidemiology 2003;107:998-1006.

Landsbergis PA, Schnall PL, Pickering TG, Schwartz, JE. Validity and reliability of a Work History Questionnaire derived from the Job Content Questionnaire. J Occup Environ Med. 2002;44:1037-1047.

Landsbergis PA, Schnall PL, Belkic K, Baker D, Schwartz JE, Pickering TG. Work stress and cardiovascular disease. Work: A Journal of Assessment and Prevention 2001;17:191-208.

Friedman R, Schwartz JE, Schnall PL, Pieper CF, Gerin W, Landsbergis PA, Pickering TG. Psychological Variables in Hypertension: Relationship to Casual or Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Men. Psychosomatic Medicine 2001;63(1):19-31.

Schnall PL, Schwartz JE, Landsbergis PA, Belkic KL, Pickering TG. Job Strain findings in the Cornell University Work Site Blood Pressure Study: A review. J. Tokyo Med. Univ. 2000;58(3): 367-376.

Schnall PL. Hypertension: Could lowering job strain be a specific theraputic modality? In: Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB, eds: The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease. Occup Med 15(1):233-245, 2000.

Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Schwartz JE, Gerber LM, Baker D, Pickering TG. Hypertension at the workplace - often an occult disease: The relevance and potential in Japan for work site surveillance? The Japanese Journal of Stress Sciences 2000;15(3).

Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB. Why the workplace and cardiovascular disease? In: Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB, eds: The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease. Occup Med 15(1):1-5, 2000.

Schnall PL, Belkic KL. Obtaining a CVD history: Obstacles and challenges. In: Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB, eds: The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease. Occup Med 15(1):189-190, 2000.

Schnall PL, Belkic KL. Point estimates of blood pressure at the worksite. In: Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB, eds: The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease. Occup Med 15(1):203-208, 2000.

Belkic KL, Schnall PL, Savic C, Landsbergis PA. Multiple exposures: A model of total occupational burden. In: Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB, eds: The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease. Occup Med 15(1):94-98, 2000.

Belkic KL, Schnall PL, Ugljesic M Cardiovascular evaluation of the worker and workplace: A practical guide for clinicians. In: Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB, eds: The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease. Occup Med 15(1):213-222, 2000.

Belkic KL, Schnall PL, Landsbergis PA, Baker D. The workplace and cardiovascular health: Conclusions and thoughts for a future agenda. In: Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB, eds: The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease. Occup Med 15(1):307-322, 2000.

Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Schnall PL, Baker DB, Theorell T, Siegrist J, Peter R, Karasek R. Psychosocial factors: Review of the empirical data among men. In: Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB, eds: The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease. Occup Med 15(1):24-46, 2000.

Leigh P, Schnall PL. Costs of occupational circulatory disease. In: Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB, eds: The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease. Occup Med 15(1):257-268, 2000.

Schwartz JE, Belkic KL, Schnall PL, Pickering TG. Mechanisms leading to Hypertension and cardiovascular morbidity. In: Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB, eds: The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease. Occup Med 15(1):121-132, 2000.


Books

Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Landsbergis PA, Baker DB, eds: The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease. Occup Med 15(1), 2000.


Book Chapters

Landsbergis PA, Schnall PL, Belkic KL, Baker D, Schwartz JE, Pickering TG. The Workplace and Cardiovascular Disease: Relevance and Potential Role for Occupational Health Psychology. Handbook of Occupational Health Psychology. J Quick and L. Tetrick, eds. Washington DC, American Psychological Association, 2002.

Belkic KL, Schnall PL, Landsbergis PA, Schwartz JE, Gerber LM, Baker D, Pickering TG. Hypertension at the workplace - An occult disease? In: Theorell T, ed: Everyday Biological Stress Mechanisms. Adv Psychosom Med. Basel, Karger; 22: 116-138, 2001.

Landsbergis PA, Cahill J, Schnall PL. New systems of work organization: Impacts on job characteristics and health. In: Confronting Change: Auto Labor and Lean Production in North America, Mexico, 1998.

Landsbergis PA, Schurman SJ, Israel BA, Schnall PL, Hugentobler MK, Cahill J, Baker D. Job stress and heart disease: Evidence and strategies for prevention. In: Work, Health and Environment: Old Problems, New Solutions New York: The Guilford Press, 1997.

Landsbergis PA, Silverman B, Barrett C, Schnall PL. Comites sindicales sobre el reduccion del estres en los administrativos y obreros de los Estados Unidos. La Prevencion Del Estres en el Trabajo: Condiciones De Trabajo 8: Instituto Nacional de Seguridad E Higiene en el Trabajo; 1996

Landsbergis PA, Schnall PL, Schwartz JE, Warren K, Pickering TG. Job strain, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease: empirical evidence, methodological issues, and recommendations for the future. In: Sauter SL, Murphy LR, eds. Organizational Risk Factors for Job Stress. Washington DC: American Psychological Association, 1995.

Baker D, Schnall PL, Landsbergis PA. Epidemiologic research of the association between occupational stress and cardiovascular disease. In: Araki S, ed. Behavioral Medicine: An Integrated Biobehavioral Approach to Health and Illness. New York: Elsevier:103-113, 1992.

Landsbergis PA, Silverman B, Barrett C, Schnall PL. Union stress committees and stress reduction in blue- and white-collar workers in the United States. In: DiMartino V, ed. Conditions of Work Digest: Preventing Stress at Work. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labor Office:144-151, 1992.

Alderman MH, Schnall PL. When to treat a patient with Hypertension. In: Drayer JM, Lowenthal DT, Weber MA, eds. Clinical Pharmacology Vol. 6; Drug Therapy in Hypertension. New York, Marcel Dekker, Inc: 1-26, 1987.

Schnall PL and Kern R. Hypertension in American Society. In Peter Conrad and Rochelle Kern (eds.), Sociology of Health and Illness. New York, St. Martin's Press, 1981.